GV is mostly a dry wine, with acidity levels of about 6g/l. Body wise, it is a light wine and colour ranges from gold yellow to old yellow. It has a distinct fruit aroma with a clean nose which is natural. About 75% of Grüner Veltliner grows in Austria. Good Veltliner has an alcohol percent of 12.5%, so this is something to look into as well when looking for places to enjoy this wonderful wine.
This guide from Winefolly, will show you the basics of the major white wine styles.
Where do GV grow?
The common places to find Grüner Veltliner growing is in lower Austria and in Burgenland.
However, in Vienna, they normally grow in the 19th district (Grinzing), and this is also considered a touristic place where there are a number of Heurigen. It is an area easily accessible by public transport, either by bus or a tram; alternatively, one can take a tourist bus for the same.
I will focus with lower Austria in this post, and come back to you when I have visited the other areas. Mutual places in Lower Austria to find Grüner Veltliner, include, Kremstal, Wagram, Strassertal, Wachau and Kremstal.
Where to find Grüner Veltliner in Wagram area
I will only list wineries that I have visited personally or tried out their wine.
Weingut Hofstetter – The winery of the wine-growing family HOFSTETTER is located in the (Lower Austrian wine-growing region) of Fels am Wagram. It is one of the fastest emerging companies in the Wagram wine region and is famous for its excellent wines for several years now. The vineyards of the winery HOFSTETTER prosper at the most southern slopes of Wagram. Its special soil, loess, mainly gives the Red and Green Veltliner (which are not in any way related to each other) a very special note: mineral taste, full-bodied and drinkable.
Weingut Ott – Located in Feuersbrunn, Weingut Bernhard Ott is a family owned company since 1889. Bernhard is the fourth generation of the Ott family and has been leading the winery since 1995. Bernhard Ott concentrates on the most important grape on the Wagram – the Grüner Veltliner
Weingut Blauensteiner – The winery is located in the wine village Gösing, which is embedded in a basin amidst the Wagram. The charm of the small wine village with a fantastic view of the Tullnerfeld and of the wide-spread vineyards invites you to linger and enjoy the moment.
Weingut Öhlzelt – Our tavern with local cold dishes and our great assortement of quality wines is embedded in the Feuersbrunner vineyards. You can have a look in our traditionell wine cellar and taste wines in our vinothek and tavern.
Weingut Leth – Located in Fels am Wagram. Our family is now the third generation to focus on wine-growing. The Leth winery, one of the leading wineries in the Wagram region is located in Fels. 40 hectares are run by family Leth, directly on the terraces of the Wagram hillside. The deep loess soils are excellently suited for Grüner Veltliner, half of the area under vine is planted with this variety.
Kolkmann – The 36 hectare vineyards of the Kolkmann Winery lie on the best rieds of the WAGRAM, which is reflected in the characteristic and regionally typical wines the family produces. Grüner Veltliner and Zweigelt, vinificated in different styles, are the most important varietals.
Sauerstingl – Franz Sauerstingl has taken over the reigns of the family winery in 2002. As a graduate of the Viniculture College in Klosterneuburg he currently vinifiers grapes from some twelve hectars. Grüner Veltliner is by far and away his predomoiniant variety.
Bründy – Located in Feuersbrunn. For generations the Bründlmayer family has been planting and vinifying wine at the famous Hengstberg hill of Feuersbrunn in the wine growing region called Wagram.
Next I will be going to Kamptal and will also list the wineries in this area. Subscribe, so that you don’t miss reading on this.
Wine growers determine the time to harvest by checking the sweetness of the grapes. Climate also contributes in determining the ripeness and the time to harvest. The alcohol level in the wine is achieved by the concentration of the sugar in the grape, the higher the sugar concentration the greater the alcohol level. Each variety is harvested at different times.
Winegrowers use a tool called Refractometer, by picking a grape to measure the sugar levels (brix) at the same time controlling the ripeness. The sugar level (brix) in grapes are as a result of storage of carbohydrates in the roots and trunks of the vines, and also from the photosynthesis process producing sucrose which is then transferred from the leaves to the berries. A grape stem that is green and hard will have more acid and taste bitter than one which is brown and hard.
Today, I visited a vineyard in Fels an Wagram, where I experienced the hand harvesting of Sauvignon Blanc. One factor to consider when harvesting Sauvignon Blanc, is its sweetness level, which has to be around 17-18 Brix.
Why do they hand harvest?
The final result of hand harvesting is different from that of mechanical-harvesting, in that with the hand harvesting; the grapes are precisely picked, leaving out the rotten lots resulting to better and high quality wines. While with mechanical harvesting, it is difficult to separate ripe or healthy grapes from unripe and rotten ones. This may result to undesirable colouring of the juice or even the aroma in the wine.
They expect to finish the harvest this evening and pressing will also take place today. I wish them all the best and I will be visiting soon again.
Located in Fels am Wagram, the Hofstetter wine is completely handmade. What does ‘real handmade wine’ mean? The vineyards are controlled and accomplished entirely by the hand; this means, no machine is used at any point throughout the whole process, not until packaging. This takes a lot of ambition and love for wine making; therefore it results to a different quality of wine.
An example is the Roter Veltliner, which is a very sensitive wine. Scissors are used to cut out the grapes that aren’t desired, since the Roter Veltliner grapes have a challenge for the wine maker, in that, the grapes grow so close to each other and as a result of the ‘squeezing’ start popping out and this juice bring with it mold. This whatsoever doesn’t mean that the vine will get spoilt, rather the quality of the wine will be poor. Family Hofstetter is using a lot of hours for each and every vine to achieve among the best wines in the region.
Above is the Catholic church of Fels am Wagram. Fels also has a train station, making it easy for people wanting to come for the ‘Heuriger’ tours easy. The train takes about 40 minutes from Vienna Heilligenstadt to Fels am Wagram.
This is my home for the last 5 years. Located in lower Austria, it is in the district of Tulln and is about 40Km West of Vienna. Fels is a very small village with not more than 3000 inhabitants. It is one of the wine growing regions in lower Austria and has among the best wine makers of the region if not country, who have won several awards with their wines.