Riesling vines are planted along the steep terraces of the south-facing slopes. These places are so steep that no layers of loess can form a hold, producing powerful, mineral wines with exceptional aging potential. Moving southwards towards the Danube, there is a change in the soil structure to wider loess and loam terraces thus offering the perfect conditions for traditional, but also full-bodied Grüner Veltiner, as well as the red and white Pinot varieties and Zweigelt. These wines are marketed under the designation of “Niederösterreich”.
Kamptal boasts a variety of terroir, ranging from loess to gravel to crystalline sites and red feldspathic sandstones and conglomerates, as on the highly regarded Heiligenstein. The name derives from the blazing sunshine that cause a hot and dry microclimate. The geological development of the rock is rather special, is between 320 and 250 million year old, formed desert-like conditions as a flashflood deposit and includes volcanic particles. Kamptal has the effects of the hot, Pannonian plain heat from the east and the cooler Waldviertel region towards the north west. The fine, delicate aromatics and retained naturally vibrant acidity in the grapes, is due to this unique combination of warm days and cool nights.