It is the original variety of the Veltliner group. As an autochthonous variety, it holds a special position amongst the Veltliners as a natural crossing partner for Neuburger, Zierfandler and Rotgipfler.
It grows in limited areas of Niederösterreich, especially in Wagram, Kamptal and Kremstal, and occasionally in the Weinviertel and Vienna. Although they have similar names, RoterVeltliner is botanically unrelated to the much more important Grüner Veltliner.
Occasionally one hears of Brauner Veltliner, a natural mutation of Roter Veltliner. The variety Roter Veltliner is recognized by its reddish, tomentose shoot tip, large, five-lobed and deeply lobed leaves with reddish veining and large and especially red grapes with thick-skinned berries.